What Are Different Types of Rugs Called?

Rugs provide warmth and comfort to any room. They have been around for thousands of years and are still popular today. Rugs come in many different shapes, sizes, and materials. So, there is a rug to match every decorating taste! 

Most people think of rugs as something that goes on the floor. But they can also be used as wall hangings or table covers. 

types of rugs

For example, some people use them in place of wallpaper or bedspreads as they add color without adding bulkiness. They are also easier to clean than wall-to-wall carpeting. 

Rug’s definition in one sentence

The term “rug” describes many different styles and materials of carpets. Rugs are floor coverings used to decorate and protect. They come in a variety of styles, materials, and sizes. In addition, rugs can be handmade or machine-made. Here are the most popular types of rugs and what makes them unique.

Area rugs

These large carpets serve as an area-specific design element for any room or space. They’re often made with synthetic fibers such as polypropylene or nylon. Wool is also commonly used for area rugs because it’s durable yet soft on the feet. 

Carpet mats

These are small pieces designed specifically for high-traffic areas like entrances. These areas tend to accumulate dirt and mud after rainstorms or snowstorms hit hard enough during wintertime. 

Using these overpriced flexible items is the best way to cover the floors. Because they still allow air circulation underneath without allowing moisture buildup if left uncovered too long.

Handmade rugs

Handmade rugs come in traditional and contemporary styles, with the most common being flat-woven and knotted piles.

Traditional rugs have been produced for generations using the same methods. These rugs are often characterized by their intricate patterns and designs. The patterns include various types, from floral motifs to geometric shapes. 

In contrast to these traditional pieces, contemporary ones incorporate more modern elements, such as bolder colors or abstract designs.

The main difference between these two types of handmade or hand-woven rugs is their construction process. 

Traditional rugs require more time and effort to create but are more durable than contemporary models. The reason is that they’ve been made with natural wool fibers rather than synthetic materials like acrylic or polyester.

types of rugs all over the world

Oriental rugs

Oriental rugs are one of the few types of handmade floor coverings still produced by craftsmen in the Middle East. However, they are produced in other regions, such as North Africa, China, Tibet, and India. They are made with wool, silk, or cotton. The weave pattern is typically symmetrical or asymmetrical. While an Oriental rug can be any size or shape, most have a flat surface and a dense pile. This permits use without additional padding beneath it (such as a carpet pad). Some rugs are designed specifically for outdoor use on terraces and patios, where they can be hosed off when dirty.

Machine-made rugs

Machine-made rugs are floor coverings with exposed backing that are mass-produced on power looms. The pile can be made from synthetic materials, like polyester and nylon, or natural fibers, such as wool or silk. Machine-made rugs tend to be less expensive than other types of area rugs because they are produced in large quantities.

Wool rugs

Wool is often used in handmade rugs as it is strong, durable, and naturally stain resistant. However, the more wool is handled, the dirtier it becomes. Wool can be cleaned with soap and water or a vacuum cleaner.

Silk rugs

A silk rug is a beautiful and rare piece of art. The quality of silk rugs is unparalleled. However, they can be damaged by water or vigorous cleaning. Silk rugs need to be cleaned by professionals because they’re so delicate.

Cotton rugs

Cotton rugs are soft and easy to wash, but they need frequent vacuuming to keep them from gathering dust. If your rug is in a high-traffic area, consider other types of rugs that are easier to clean.

Cleaning cotton rugs is simple: vacuum them with a standard vacuum cleaner or upholstery attachment once every few months.

Natural fiber rugs

Jute, sisal, and other natural fiber rugs require dry soil removal methods. The reason is that liquid spills will permanently cause stains that won’t come out without discoloring the fibers.

You can wash your jute rug in the washing machine on a gentle cycle, but set the temperature to cold. Use baby shampoo or a mild detergent like Ivory or Woolite, and don’t wash it with anything else. If you have a small spot on your jute rug, dab some liquid hand soap with a clean towel. Then blot up any excess moisture with another cloth.

Shag Rugs

Shag rugs are another type of synthetic rug. They are usually made with loops that hang down and look like hair. These carpets can be very versatile in terms of color and pattern. So, they can be used in many different rooms throughout the house. Shag carpets also have a thick pile, giving them a soft feel underfoot.


Knowing what type will work best for your home is essential when looking for a new rug. So, learn the different types of rugs available and how they can add style and comfort to your rooms. 

You can always rely on our professional team at Rug Expo. They will guide you in finding your perfect rug and give you tips on maintaining it. So, please contact us today and let us give you a hand in finding the rug type you’re looking for. 

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